Insulin Resistance Causes Weight Gain
Insulin Resistance (pre-diabetes) affects millions of people and is one of the most
common causes of weight gain in the modern world. Diabetes simply refers to excess
blood sugar (glucose). Luckily, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are both
preventable and reversible through proper diet, supplementation and exercise. Sadly
however, improper diet, supplementation and sedentary lifestyle can cause both insulin
resistance and type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes and the Insulin Connection
In a perfect world your liver and muscles are supposed to regulate any rise in blood
sugar. When blood sugar rises a bit, the muscles and/or liver absorb it to store as
glycogen. When blood sugar drops, the glycogen is released from the muscles/liver to
maintain normal blood sugar levels. The problem starts to occur when there is excess
blood sugar (from excessive consumption of carbohydrates in your diet) to the point
where your muscles and liver can’t keep up. In this situation insulin is released to by
your pancreas to force your liver, muscle, and fat tissue to store glucose from the
blood as glycogen in the liver and muscle or convert the glucose into fat to be stored in
your fat cells. Insulin is like the “key” to get circulating blood glucose into the cells.
Although it is often required to lower blood sugar, insulin is not meant to be the primary
regulator of blood sugar. When insulin is used to regulate blood sugar over and over
and over again, you will become insulin resistant.
What is Insulin Resistance?
Insulin resistance occurs when normal levels of insulin are no longer effective at
lowering blood sugar levels. Insulin resistance combined with a couple other signs or
symptoms such as obesity, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, or high cholesterol
is commonly known as Metabolic Syndrome or Syndrome X. Eventually, insulin
resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Full blown diabetes due to insulin resistance does not occur over night. The pancreas
initially responds to insulin resistance by producing more insulin. As long as the
pancreas can produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance, blood glucose
levels remain normal. This state of insulin resistance (normal blood glucose and high
insulin) can last for a long time before you start to see the symptoms of insulin
resistance, but the damage from high insulin levels is still occurring. Further, higher
insulin levels cause even greater insulin resistance. Eventually the pancreas will not
be able to keep up with rising blood glucose levels, resulting in type 2 diabetes. Thus
insulin resistance is also referred to as pre-diabetes.
Of course, the main causes of insulin resistance are poor diet, nutritional deficiencies
and sedentary lifestyle but other causes include:
- Steroid use
- Certain Medications
Complications and Symptoms of Insulin Resistance
Insulin resistance is a serious issue. One of the leading causes of death in the United
States is type 2 diabetes which is brought on by insulin resistance. Simple changes in
the way you eat and exercise can help save your life. Complications from insulin
resistance and type 2 diabetes include weight gain as well as damage to your vision,
kidneys, skin and many other systems. It can also reduce your thyroid function which
can result in a sluggish metabolism, fatigue and difficult weight loss. The important
message about insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes is that it is completely avoidable
and also reversible to a certain point. You can choose to take control of the disease
and return yourself back to health. At Complete Health and Weight Loss we are
here to help you obtain that goal. Our health experts can help educate you and get
you on the path to recovery.
Call for an appointment.
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